After the COVID-19 pandemic halted many asylum procedures throughout Europe, fresh technologies are reviving these kinds of systems. Via lie detection tools tested at the edge to a program for validating documents and transcribes interviews, a wide range of technologies is being utilised in asylum applications. This article is exploring just how these solutions have reshaped the ways asylum procedures are conducted. This reveals how asylum seekers will be transformed into compelled hindered techno-users: They are asked to conform to a series of techno-bureaucratic steps and keep up with unstable tiny changes in criteria and deadlines. This obstructs their capacity to find the way these systems and to go after their legal right for cover.
It also illustrates how these technologies will be embedded in refugee governance: They assist in the ‘circuits of financial-humanitarianism’ that function through a flutter of distributed technological requirements. These requirements increase asylum seekers’ socio-legal precarity by simply hindering these people from being able to view the channels of security. It further argues that examines of securitization and victimization should be combined with an insight in the disciplinary mechanisms of such technologies, through which migrants happen to be turned into data-generating subjects who also are regimented by their reliability on technology.
Drawing on Foucault’s notion of power/knowledge and comarcal knowledge, the article argues that these technologies have an natural obstructiveness. They have a double impact: counseling services for students whilst they assist to expedite the asylum process, they also make it difficult with regards to refugees to navigate these systems. They can be positioned in a ‘knowledge deficit’ that makes all of them vulnerable to illegitimate decisions of non-governmental stars, and ill-informed and unreliable narratives about their situations. Moreover, they will pose new risks of’machine mistakes’ which may result in incorrect or discriminatory outcomes.